What Is Lung Cancer? Types And Treatment
Cancer is a condition in which the person’s body’s cells proliferate unchecked. Just like lymph nodes and other body organs including the brain, lung cancer can also start in the lungs. Lung cancer can also spread from other organs. Cells known as metastases are cancer cells that spread from one organ to another. Small cell and non-small cell lung tumors are the two primary subtypes that are typically recognized (including adenocarcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma). These distinct forms of lung cancer develop differently and respond to various therapies. Compared to small cell lung cancer, non-small cell lung cancer affects more people. However, lung cancer treatment is available.
Types of lung cancer
Small cell lung cancer and non-small cell lung cancer are the two main types of lung cancer found in a person’s lungs. Compared to small cell lung cancer, non-small cell lung cancer affects more people. If you have lung cancer, particularly non-small cell lung cancer, your doctor may order testing to determine whether your genes have changed (genetic mutation).
- Non-small cell lung cancer: – Although it is also the most prevalent type of lung cancer seen in non-smokers, this type of lung cancer mostly affects those who smoke now or have in the past. Compared to other varieties, it affects women more frequently than men, and younger people are more prone to getting it.
- Small cell lung cancer: – Compared to NSCLC, this type of lung cancer tends to grow and spread more quickly. When diagnosed with SCLC, about 70% of patients already have the disease spread throughout their bodies. This cancer tends to respond well to chemotherapy and radiation lung cancer treatment because of how quickly it spreads. Unfortunately, cancer will eventually come back for the majority of people.
Treatment of lung cancer
Depending on the type of lung cancer and how far it has spread, there are various treatment options. Surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, targeted therapy, or a combination of these treatments may be used to treat non-small cell lung cancer patients.
Various medical specialties frequently collaborate to treat lung cancer. Pulmonologists are medical professionals who specialize in lung conditions. Doctors who do procedures are known as surgeons. Chest, heart, and lung surgery is the area of expertise for thoracic surgeons. Oncologists are medical professionals who use medication for the treatment of cancer. Radiation oncologists use radiation to treat cancer.