Statistics

Statistics

Working Towards Wellness in Baker County

Working Towards Wellness in Baker CountyHealth Needs Assessment Summary: Health Planning Council of Northeast Florida and the Baker County Health Department

Baker County

Baker County
・2000 Estimated Population- 22,334
・19.4% of Population in Poverty
(State- 16%)
・Population Mix: 86% White, 14% Non-white
・6,293 Households in 1997
・Average Household Income- $38,106

Baker county vs. Florida Population

Baker County vs. Florida Population
・AGE 0-24:
 Baker- 8,318
Florida- 4,584,054
・AGE 25-64:
Baker- 10,998
Florida- 7,417,646
・AGE 65+:
Baker- 1,822
Florida- 2,711,222

Age-Adjusted Death Rate for Stroke, 1998-2000 Average

・BAKER COUNTY AVERAGE- 80.82
・STATE AVERAGE- 49.40
・BAKER COUNTY RANK - 4TH

Age-Adjusted Death Rate for Heart Disease, 1998-00 Average

・DEATHS PER 100,000 PERSONS
・BAKER COUNTY AVERAGE- 309.86
・FLORIDA AVERAGE- 244.15
・BAKER COUNTY RANK - 10TH

Age-Adjusted Death Rate for Lung Cancer, 1998-00 Average

・BAKER COUNTY AVERAGE- 90.31
・STATE AVERAGE- 56.50
・BAKER COUNTY RANK - 4th

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Age-Adjusted Death Rate, 1998-00 Average

・DEATHS PER 100,00 PERSONS
・BAKER COUNTY AVERAGE- 93.34
・STATE AVERAGE- 40.42
・BAKER COUNTY RANK - 1ST

Diabetes Mellitus Age-Adjusted Death Rate, 1998-00 Average

・DEATH RATE PER 100,00 PERSONS
・BAKER COUNTY AVERAGE- 46.68
・STATE AVERAGE- 21.21
・BAKER COUNTY RANK - 2nd

Age-Adjusted Death Rate for Cancer, 1998-00 Average

・BAKER COUNTY AVERAGE- 262.49
・STATE AVERAGE- 189.64
・BAKER COUNTY RANK - 2nd

Age-Adjusted Death Rate for Colorectal Cancer, 1998-00 Average

・BAKER COUNTY AVERAGE- 22.21
・STATE AVERAGE- 18.96
・BAKER COUNTY RANK - 15th

Age-Adjusted Death Rate for Cervical Cancer, 1998-00 Average

・BAKER COUNTY AVERAGE- 6.87
・STATE AVERAGE- 1.74
・COUNTY RANK 1rst

Age-Adjusted Death Rate for Skin Cancer, 1998-00 Average

・BAKER COUNTY AVERAGE- 7.06
・STATE AVERAGE- 2.84
・BAKER COUNTY RANK - 2nd

Age-Adjusted Death Rate for Breast Cancer, 1998-00 Average

・BAKER COUNTY AVERAGE- 19.93
・STATE AVERAGE- 13.56
・BAKER COUNTY RANK - 6th

Metastic Breast Cancer at Diagnosis, 1997-99 Average

・BAKER COUNTY AVERAGE- 39.47
・STATE AVERAGE- 31.06
・BAKER COUNTY RANK - 7TH

Age-Adjusted Death Rate for Cardiovascular Disease, 1998-00 Average

・BAKER COUNTY AVERAGE- 425.18
・STATE AVERAGE- 313.32
・BAKER COUNTY RANK - 3rd

Age-Adjusted Death Rate for Stroke, by Race, 1994-98 Average

・In Florida, Stroke was the third leading cause of death for whites, and the fourth leading cause of death for non-whites.
・Source: Office of Vital Statistics, 1999.

Age-Adjusted Death Rate for Heart Disease, by Race, 1994-98 Average

・In the state of Florida, Heart Disease was the LEADING cause of death in all races.
・Heart Disease accounts for almost one in every three deaths in Florida.

・Source: Office of Vital Statistics, 1999

Age Adjusted Death Rate for Cancer, by Race, 1994-98

・In Florida, Cancer was the second leading cause of death for all races.
・Cancer accounts for almost one in every four deaths.
・Source: Office of Vital Statistics, 1999

Age-Adjusted Death Rate for COPD by Race, 1994-98 Average

・Chronic Obstructive disease is the fourth leading cause of death for whites, and the eighth leading cause of death for non-whites.
・Source: Office of Vital statistics, 1999.

Diabetes Age-Adjusted Death Rate, by Race, 1994-98 Average

・Diabetes is the sixth leading cause of death among non-whites in Florida and the seventh among whites.
・Source: Office of Vital statistics, 1999.

Risk Factors for Leading Causes of Death

・Heart Disease
 Tobacco, obesity, elevated BP, cholesterol, sedentary lifestyle
・Cancer
 Tobacco, diet, alcohol, environmental exposures
・Cerebrovascular Disease
 Tobacco, elevated BP, cholesterol, sedentary lifestyle
・Accidental Injuries
 Non-use of safety belts, alcohol, home hazards
・Chronic Lung Disease
 Tobacco, environmental hazards

Costs of Chronic Diseases

・More than 90 million Americans live with chronic illnesses
・Chronic diseases account for 70% of all deaths in the United States
・Chronic diseases account for 1/3 of the years of potential life lost before the age of 65.
・In 1990, the total cost of chronic disease, which includes lost productivity, premature death, and disability, reached $655 billion in the United States.
・The cost of treating chronic disease totals more than 60% of total medical care expenditures.

The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, Annual Report 1994: Health, United States, 1994

Prevention Counts

・In the past 100 years, life expectancy has increased by 30 years. 25 years of the 30 year gain can be attributed to public health measures, and only 5 years to curative medicine.
・It is estimated that reducing saturated fat intake by 1 to 3 percentage points would save $4.1 to $12.7 billion in health care costs and lost productivity over a 10-year period.
・Each $1 spent on diabetes outpatient education saves $2 to $3 in hospitalization costs.
・Smoking cessation programs in pregnancy can save $6 for each $1 spent.

The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, Annual Report 1994; Heath , United States, 1994

Blood Pressure, Cholesterol, & Diabetes, Baker County vs. Florida

Baker County
・ High Blood Pressure: 29%
・Ever Had Cholesterol Checked: 72.5%
・High Cholesterol: 33.6%
・Diabetes: 7.8%

Florida
・High Blood Pressure: 27.5%
・High Cholesterol: 32.4%
・Diabetes: 6.1%

Prevalence of Risk Factors: Current Cigarette Use

_State: 20.5%
・Age 18-29: 24.2%
・Age: 55+: 13.8%
_5 Counties (inc. Baker): 25.1%
・Age 18-29: 24.6%
・Age 55+: 16.8%
_Urban: 16.4%
・Age: 18-29: 14.7%
・Age: 55+: 10.6%

Overweight Prevalence

・State: 56.7%
_Age: 18-29 42.9%
_Age: 55+: 59.7

・5 Counties (inc. Baker): 63.9%
_Age 18-29: 50.8%
_Age 55+: 68.6%

・Urban: 53.9%
_Age18-29: 42.5%
_55+: 54.9%

Obesity Prevalence

・State: 18.4%
_Age18-29: 11.5%
_Age 55+: 18.6%

・Five Counties (inc. Baker): 26.9%
_Age 18-29: 21.1%
_Age 55+: 27.6%

・Urban: 15.6%
_Age18-29: 11.1%
_Age 55+: 15.9%

Sedentary Lifestyle

・State: 26.6%

・Five Counties (inc. Baker) : 44.3%
_Age 18-29: 31.8%
_Age 55+: 47.4%

Eat 5 Fruit and Vegetables Per Day

・State: 20.7%

・Five Counties (inc. Baker): 25.1%
_Age 18-29: 27.1%
_Age 55+: 28.7%

Focus Group Findings, Tobacco

・Tobacco use is a norm in Baker County.
・Youth indicated that tobacco use is a norm because parents do it.
・Youth indicated that tobacco was easy to obtain and purchase.
・Chewing tobacco is a norm with males, and if the father chews, then the son chews.
・Participants felt that people were aware of the health risks of tobacco use.

Focus Group Findings, Diet

・Participants associated eating fruits and vegetables with a healthy diet, and “junk” foods and fried foods with an unhealthy diet.
・Barriers to healthy eating were cost and tradition. Cooking methods are passed down from generation to generation, and that people don’t always know healthier ways to cook or shop.
・Participants indicated that healthy foods cost more and that some are not available in the local grocery stores.
・Participants indicated that it is more convenient to purchase fast or prepared foods and that it is easier to obtain soda than water or juice.
・Another barrier to healthy eating was that there is little promotion, specials, or coupons for healthy foods, compared to the promotion of other foods.

Focus Group Findings, Physical Activity

・Participants indicated the need for some type of recreational facility.
・Participants indicated that residents would use a fitness trail.
・Barriers to physical activity included time, money, lack of motivation, location, transportation, childcare, laziness, embarrassment, and lack of awareness of what is available.

Top Health Issues, Not Ranked

・Tobacco use
・Overweight
・Drugs
・Alcohol
・Cancer
・Heart disease
・High blood pressure
・Lung problems
・Diabetes
・HIV/AIDS
・Teen pregnancy

Types of Programs Needed

・Community walking programs
・Recreational center
・Fitness trail/track
・Swimming pool
・Self awareness classes
・Cooking, wellness, & exercise classes

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